Reference

Reference materials provide generalized, quick, and easy-­to­-access information on any given topic. Reference materials include encyclopedias and dictionaries, and they are helpful as a starting point in any research project. Culver­-Stockton’s reference collection includes many specialized encyclopedias and dictionaries, covering everything from earth sciences to accounting to world mythology.

Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica is a global educational publisher that provides timely, relevant, and trustworthy information and instructional products used in schools, universities, and libraries. Encyclopedia entries are composed by scholars and educators, and all work is subjected to rigorous editorial review.

Online Writing Lab (OWL) @ Purdue
For more than 20 years, the Purdue Writing Lab has been a leader in online writing instruction, and their website receives hundreds of millions of hits every year.

Oxford
Oxford Reference is a massive collection of general and speciality encyclopedias, dictionaries, maps/atlases, and companion guides to specific subjects. Culver­-Stockton owns access to the following portions of Oxford Reference:

English Dictionaries/Thesauri
Australian Oxford Dictionary, Canadian Oxford Dictionary, A Dictionary of Abbreviations, The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary, The Oxford Dictionary of American Usage and Style, The Oxford Dictionary of English, Oxford Paperback Thesaurus (4 ed), Pocket Oxford American Thesaurus (2 ed.), Visual English Dictionary, Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.), Oxford Paperback Thesaurus (4 ed.)

Bilingual Dictionaries
Oxford Business French Dictionary: English­French and French­English, Oxford Business Spanish Dictionary: English­Spanish and Spanish­English, Pocket Modern Oxford Welsh Dictionary: English­Welsh and Welsh­English, Pocket Oxford German Dictionary (4 ed): English­German and German­English, Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary (4 ed): English­Italian and Italian­English, Pocket Oxford Latin Dictionary (3 ed): English­Latin and Latin­English, Pocket Oxford Spanish Dictionary (4 ed): English­Spanish and Spanish­English, Pocket Oxford­Hachette French Dictionary (4 ed): French­Spanish and French­English,

General Quotations
The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.), Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations, Oxford Essential Quotations (2 ed.), Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.), Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.), Oxford Essential Quotations (2 ed.)

Subject­ Specific Reference

- Accounting/Business/Economics/Industry
A Dictionary of Accounting (4 ed.), A Dictionary of Business and Management (5 ed.), A Dictionary of Economics (4 ed.), A Dictionary of Finance and Banking (5 ed.), A Dictionary of Human Resource Management (2 rev. ed.), A Dictionary of Marketing (3 ed.), A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism, The Handbook of International Financial Terms, A Supplementary Dictionary of Transport Studies

- Astronomy/Space
A Dictionary of Astronomy (2 rev. ed.), A Dictionary of Space Exploration (3 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Cosmology

- Biology/Ecology
A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour (2 ed.), A Dictionary of Biology (6 ed.), A Dictionary of Ecology (4 ed.), A Dictionary of Plant Sciences (3 ed.), A Dictionary of Scientists, A Dictionary of Weights, Measures, and Units, A Dictionary of Zoology (4 ed.), The Encyclopedia of Mammals (3 ed.), The Encyclopedia of Underwater Life, Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science, The New Encyclopedia of Birds, The New Encyclopedia of Insects and their Allies (3 rev. ed.), The New Encyclopedia of Reptiles and Amphibians (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to the Garden, The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science, Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

- Communications/Journalism
A Dictionary of Journalism, A Dictionary of Marketing (3 ed.), A Dictionary of Media and Communication, A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.), A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

- Computer Science/Technology
A Dictionary of Computing (6 ed.), A Dictionary of the Internet (3 ed.), Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science, The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science, Science, Technology, and Society, Science, Technology, and Society

- Chemistry
A Dictionary of Chemical Engineering, A Dictionary of Chemistry (6 ed.), A Dictionary of Weights, Measures, and Units, Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science, Oxford Dictionary of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (2 ed.)

- Earth Sciences/Environmentalism
A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (2 ed.), A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences (4 ed.), A Dictionary of Scientists, A Dictionary of Weather (2 ed.), Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science, The Oxford Companion to Global Change, The Oxford Companion to the Earth, The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science, A Supplementary Dictionary of Renewable Energy and Sustainability

- Education
A Dictionary of Education, A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

- Engineering
A Dictionary of Construction, Surveying and Civil Engineering, A Dictionary of Mechanical Engineering

- English/Literature
An A­-Z Guide to Shakespeare, The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature, The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.), The Concise Oxford Companion to Irish Literature, Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of English Etymology, A Dictionary of Critical Theory, A Dictionary of English Folklore, A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000, A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (2 ed.), A New Dictionary of Eponyms, The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.), New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Canadian Literature (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Classical Literature (3 ed.), The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to New Zealand Literature, The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare, The Oxford Companion to the Brontës, The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.), Oxford Dictionary of English Idioms (3 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (3 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Modern Slang (2 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Plays, The Oxford Dictionary of Proverbs (5 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Reference and Allusion (3 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Science Fiction, The Oxford Dictionary of Word Origins (2 ed.), The Oxford Essential Dictionary of Foreign Terms in English, The Oxford Guide to Literary Britain & Ireland (3 ed.), Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad, Oxford Reader's Companion to Dickens, Oxford Reader's Companion to George Eliot, Oxford Reader's Companion to Hardy, Oxford Reader's Companion to Trollope, Pocket Fowler's Modern English Usage (2 ed.)

- Fine Arts
The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.), The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.), A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture (2 ed.), A Dictionary of Film Studies, A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (2 ed.), A Dictionary of Modern Design, A Dictionary of Opera Characters (2 ed.), The Grove Book of Opera Singers (2 ed.), The Grove Book of Operas (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Music, The Oxford Companion to the American Musical, The Oxford Companion to the Photograph, The Oxford Companion to Theatre and Performance, The Oxford Companion to Western Art, The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists, The Oxford Dictionary of Art (3 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Art and Artists (4 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Dance (2 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Music (6 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Plays

- Geography
A Dictionary of Geography (4 ed.), A Dictionary of Human Geography, A Guide to Countries of the World (3 ed.)

- History
A Dictionary of British History, A Dictionary of British Place Names, A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (3 ed.), A Dictionary of Critical Theory, A Dictionary of English Manuscript Terminology 1450–2000, A Dictionary of London Place­Names (2 ed.), A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.), A Dictionary of Popes (2 ed.), A Dictionary of World History (2 ed.), The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.), A Guide to Countries of the World (3 ed.), The Kings and Queens of Britain (2 rev. ed.), Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science, The Oxford Companion to American Military History, The Oxford Companion to Australian History, The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Black British History, The Oxford Companion to British History, The Oxford Companion to Canadian History, The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Military History, The Oxford Companion to Scottish History, The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to the Garden, The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to United States History, The Oxford Companion to World War II, The Oxford Dictionary of Local and Family History, Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World, The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History, The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military, Who's Who in the Classical World, Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

- Legal Studies/Criminal Justice
A Dictionary of Forensic Science, A Dictionary of Law (7 ed.), A Dictionary of Law Enforcement, Guide to Latin in International Law, The New Oxford Companion to Law, The Oxford Companion to American Law, The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.), The Oxford Guide to United States Supreme Court Decisions (2 ed.)

- Mathematics
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.), A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.)

- Medicine
A­Z of Plastic Surgery, Concise Medical Dictionary (8 ed.), A Dictionary of Biomedicine, A Dictionary of Dentistry, A Dictionary of Epidemiology (5 ed.), A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (4 ed.), A Dictionary of Forensic Science, A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.), A Dictionary of Nursing (6 ed.), A Dictionary of Public Health, A Dictionary of Scientists, Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise, The Oxford Book of Health Foods, The Oxford Companion to Medicine (3 ed.), The Oxford Companion to the Body, The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science, The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.), A Supplementary Dictionary of Anaesthesia, A Supplementary Dictionary of Audiology

- Political Science
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics (3 ed.), A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.), Oxford Companion to Australian Politics, The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.), The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

- Philosophy
The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.), The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (2 rev. ed.)

- Physics
A Dictionary of Physics (6 ed.), A Dictionary of Scientists, A Dictionary of Space Exploration (3 ed.), Magic Universe: A Grand Tour of Modern Science, The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

- Religion/Mythologies
(See Below: Oxford Biblical Studies Online), A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion, The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.), The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions, A Dictionary of African Mythology, A Dictionary of Asian Mythology, A Dictionary of Buddhism, A Dictionary of Celtic Mythology, A Dictionary of Creation Myths, A Dictionary of Hinduism, A Dictionary of Popes (2 ed.), A Dictionary of Superstitions, A Dictionary of the Bible (2 ed.), A Dictionary of World Mythology, The Oxford Companion to the Bible, The Oxford Companion to World Mythology, The Oxford Dictionary of Islam, The Oxford Dictionary of Saints (5 rev. ed.), The Oxford Guide to People and Places of the Bible

- Social Sciences
The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.), The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.), A Dictionary of Critical Theory, A Dictionary of First Names (2 ed.), A Dictionary of Food and Nutrition (4 ed.), A Dictionary of Human Geography, A Dictionary of Psychology (3 ed.), A Dictionary of Social Work and Social Care, A Dictionary of Sociology (3 rev. ed.), A Dictionary of Statistics (3 ed.), Dictionary of the Social Sciences, The Diner’s Dictionary (2 ed.), Guide to Latin in International Law, The Oxford Companion to Archaeology (1 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Consciousness, The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.), The Oxford Companion to Ships and the Sea (2 ed.), The Oxford Companion to the Garden, The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.), Science, Technology, and Society, A Supplementary Dictionary of Transport Studies

- Sports/Athletics/Fitness
A Dictionary of Sports Studies, Food and Fitness: A Dictionary of Diet and Exercise, The Oxford Book of Health Foods, The Oxford Companion to the Body, The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine (3 ed.), A Supplementary Dictionary of Sports Personalities

General Reference
World Encyclopedia, World Flags, World Maps, The Concise Dictionary of World Place­Names, A Guide to Countries of the World (3 ed.)

Oxford Biblical Studies Online

This database (mentioned above in the “religion” section) provides a comprehensive resource for the study of the Bible and biblical history. Easy to search and navigate, this site offers a ready access point for a wealth of Bible text and commentary—texts from selected Oxford Bibles can be viewed in side­by­side display with the user's choice of commentary and annotations from the Study Bibles, the stand­alone Oxford Bible Commentary, and A­Z concordances for the NRSV and NAB translations. The Bible content is supplemented by collections of major apocryphal Old and New Testament texts in translation. In addition to the Bible texts, Oxford Biblical Studies Online offers quick access to over 5,000 A­Z entries from the Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Oxford Companion to the Bible, and a wealth of other Oxford references. Users can easily navigate to hundreds of topical essays within the Oxford Study Bibles themselves, in The Oxford Handbook of Biblical Studies, The Oxford History of the Biblical World, The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible, Oxford Bible Atlas, and other works, and access hundreds of searchable images and maps from these major scholarly publications.